Explaining the concept of evidence-based medicine based on the academic and medical experiences of the clinical faculty members: A qualitative study

AUTHORS

Yahya Safari 1 , * , Fatemeh Darabi 2 , Reza Pourmirza‏ ‏Kalhori 3 , Mohammad Rasoul‏ ‏Tohidnia‎ 1 , Nasibe Miri‎ 1

1 Department of Radiology and‏ ‏Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of‏ ‏Paramedical Sciences,‎‏ ‏Kermanshah University of‏ ‏Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

2 Department of‏ ‏Anesthesiology, Faculty of‏ ‏Paramedical Sciences,‎‏ ‏Kermanshah University‏ ‏of‏ ‏Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

3 Department of Medical‏ ‏Emergencies, Faculty of‏ ‏Paramedical Sciences,‎‏ ‏Kermanshah ‎University of‏ ‏Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

How to Cite: Safari Y , Darabi F , Pourmirza‏ ‏Kalhori R , ‏Tohidnia‎ M R, Miri‎ N. Explaining the concept of evidence-based medicine based on the academic and medical experiences of the clinical faculty members: A qualitative study, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2015 ; 4(2):e81960.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 4 (2); e81960
Published Online: July 06, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 06, 2016
Accepted: May 03, 2016

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Abstract

Background: Although evidence-based medicine is an important part of recent research attempts to reform the healthcare system, it requires to be evaluated in real situations of the society and patients. The current study was conducted to explain the concept
of evidence-based medicine according to the academic and medical experiences of the clinical faculty members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: This study was designed as a qualitative phenomenology. The statistical society comprised of the clinical faculty members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.
The participants were selected through purposeful sampling. The study sample was determined by the sufficiency principle. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. The obtained data were analyzed by Collaizzi’s model at the time of data
collection.
Results: Three major themes were extracted from the analysis of data, including unawareness and lack of use (unaware of the concepts, lack of use, referring to the colleagues, test prescription), conscious or unconscious use (use of journals, academic sites, aware of the processes) and beliefs (believing in the necessity and not believing the necessity).
Conclusion: A regular educational planning aiming to change the behavior is required to change the behavior of the clinical faculty members from an inactive state to an active use of evidence-based medicine and to change negative beliefs to the positive ones.
Moreover, providing appropriate facilities and infrastructure and removing the obstacles of evidence-based medicine can be effective in this regard.

 

Keywords

evidence-based medicine clinical experiences

© 2015, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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