Epidemiology of fungal infections in under-five-year-old children referred to fungal diagnostic laboratory of special clinic of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (1993-2011)‎

AUTHORS

Ali Mikaeili‎ 1 , Mostafa‎ Darabi 2 , Ali Ebrahimi‎ 3 , Naser Nazari‎ 1 , Yazdan Hamzavi 1 , *

1 Deptartment of Medical‏ ‏Mycology & Parasitology, School‏ ‏of Medicine, Kermanshah‏ ‏University of Medical Sciences,‎‏ ‏Kermanshah‎, Iran

2 Student Research Committee,‎‏ ‏Kermanshah University of‏ ‏Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

3 Department of Skine Diseases,‎‏ ‏School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences,‎‏ ‏Kermanshah‎, Iran

How to Cite: Mikaeili‎ A, Darabi M, Ebrahimi‎ A , Nazari‎ N , Hamzavi Y . Epidemiology of fungal infections in under-five-year-old children referred to fungal diagnostic laboratory of special clinic of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (1993-2011)‎, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2015 ; 3(4):e82125.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 3 (4); e82125
Published Online: January 08, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 11, 2014
Accepted: November 16, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Hygienic factors in under-five-year-old individuals play an important role in the public health conditions. Also, fungal diseases are very important and having enough information about the diversity and frequency of them in these ages deserves special
attention in health systems. The main goal of this study was investigating epidemiology of fungal infections in the infants under 5 years old in referred patients to medical mycology
laboratory in the special clinic of Kermanshah University of medical Sciences in 1993-2011.
Methods: All of the infant's ≤ 5 years old, referred to special clinic of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences for diagnosis of fungal diseases, were examined through direct microscopic examination and culture of samples. Data were analyzed and showed using descriptive tables and diagrams.
Results: Among 2370 studied samples, 936 people (39%) had fungal disease. Dermatophytosis was the most prevalent disease (%82). The highest rates of the disease were in the age groups of 4 to 5 years old (%25) while the least were seen in under one year olds (%13). The most and least cases were seen in the winter (%37) and summer (%17), respectively. The disease rate in the infants under 5 years old has decreased in the recent years. T. Verrucosum was the most species distinct (%40.3) and the least were T. Schoenleinii and A.Niger each having only one instance observed (%0.3). In the cases of dermatophytosis, the most and the least common locations of body infection were the head (%48) and the nail (%0.03), respectively.
Conclusion: Based upon the results, it is concluded that elevation of health information in people about fungal disease has resulted in its significant decrease in infants in recent years.

Keywords

Fungal infections Dermatophytosis Children Kermanshah

© 2015, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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