Effect of Strength Training and Usual Physiotherapy Treatment on the Flexibility of Hamstring Muscle in Patient with Chronic Low Back Pain

AUTHORS

Maryam Najafi 1 , Mohammad Azizi 2 , Mohammad Bagher Shamsi 3 , * , Fatemeh Naderi 1 , Ameneh Safari 4

1 Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Physiology and Sports Nutrition, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

3 School of Paramedicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Research Management Office, School of Paramedicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Najafi M , Azizi M , Shamsi M B , Naderi F, Safari A . Effect of Strength Training and Usual Physiotherapy Treatment on the Flexibility of Hamstring Muscle in Patient with Chronic Low Back Pain , J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2017 ; 6(1):e80975.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 6 (1); e80975
Published Online: May 23, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 18, 2016
Accepted: March 02, 2017

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Abstract

Introduction: High prevalence of low back pain and its related disability in doing daily activities and Impairment in social activities will have a bad effect on patients and the society. So the aim of this study was to evaluate the Effect of Strength Training and Usual Physiotherapy Treatment on the Flexibility of Hamstring muscle.

Methods: This study was applied. 16 low back pain patients with shortened hamstring were enrolled in the study and were divided into two groups. They were allocated randomly in either usual physiotherapy treatment group or to usual physiotherapy treatment plus hamstring strength training in long length group. Before and after the 12 sessions were measured length of hamstring muscle with a goniometer and inclinometer and flexibility of dorsal and hamstrings muscles with Sit and reach test. Statistical analysis was took place by paired and independent t-test method using SPSS version 21 (P≤ 0.05(.

Results: These findings suggest that both groups had significant increase in outcomes flexibility of dorsal and hamstrings muscles test (P≤ 0/05). But there were no differences in variables between two groups. Length of hamstring muscles showed significant increase only in the strength group with SLR after a course of treatment (P≤ 0.025).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study can be concluded that In general adding hamstring strength training in long length to usual physiotherapy Treatment caused increase in flexibility of dorsal and hamstrings muscles and improvement in low back pain.

Keywords

Chronic lower back pain Hamstring Muscle Tightness flexibility

© 2017, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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