Clarification of maternal factors of facilitator of using of formula in infants under 2 years: A qualitative study

AUTHORS

Maryam Amighi 1 , Rostam Jalali 2 , Marzieh Kaboudi 1 , Azam Bakhteh 1 , *

1 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Nursing , School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Amighi M , Jalali R, Kaboudi M , Bakhteh A . Clarification of maternal factors of facilitator of using of formula in infants under 2 years: A qualitative study, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2017 ; 6(1):e81151.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 6 (1); e81151
Published Online: May 24, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 11, 2016
Accepted: March 06, 2017

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Abstract

Introduction: High consumption of formula has economic, social and psychological damages for infant, family and community. As mothers have important role in taking care of infants and selection of type of  their nutrition, we tried to survey of maternal factors of facilitator of using of formula in infants under 2 years.

Methods: The study was conducted with qualitative approach using a content analysis method, in which semi-deep and semi-structured interviews were performed with twelve participants that contain of mothers who had under two years old children, husband and health workers. All interviews were analyzed and themes were extracted. and Guba and Lincoln criteria were considered throughout the study.

Results: After coding in main category of  maternal factors, There were five main themes: insufficient milk, lack of knowledge, mother's comfort, mental preparation, tend to well-shaped.

Conclusion: Based on the result of this study, we found the important of knowledge and attitude deficiency in breastfeeding among mothers. to achieve the progress in breastfeeding's rate, social supports and mothers education must be provided.

Keywords

Content analysis qualitative study formula maternal factors infant nutrition

© 2017, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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