Effect of Task-oriented Occupational Therapy Intervention on Balance Performance of Children with Cochlear Implants

AUTHORS

Dorsa Hamedi 1 , * , Sevda Saranajam 2 , Seyed Amir Mir Ahmadi 2 , Meymanat Akbari 1 , Ameneh Safari 3

1 Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center, Occupational Therapy department, Rehabilitation School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Rosha Clinic, Tehran, Iran

3 Research Management Office, School of Paramedicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Hamedi D , Saranajam S , Mir Ahmadi S A , Akbari M , Safari A . Effect of Task-oriented Occupational Therapy Intervention on Balance Performance of Children with Cochlear Implants, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2017 ; 6(1):e81184.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 6 (1); e81184
Published Online: June 24, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 12, 2016
Accepted: March 01, 2017

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Abstract

Introduction: Children with hearing deficits have lots of problems in motor functions specially balance control in comparison with normal peers. Cochlear implants surgery may effect on balance performance in these children. Since balance control is necessary for independent performance in functional activities, this study aimed to investigate the effect of task—oriented occupational therapy intervention on balance performance of children with cochlear implants.

Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 30 children with cochlear implants by mean age 5.54 years old participated. Subjects selected from rehabilitation centers in Tehran city. The experimental group received 30 minute specific task-oriented occupational therapy interventions, 3 times a week, for 6 weeks and the control group received traditional interventions. The balance subtest of Bruininks Oseretsky test of motor proficiency (BOT-2) were used for investigating the effectiveness of interventions before and after the course.

Results: Based on K-S test, all data have normal distribution. In experimental group all trails in balance subtest of BOT-2 were significantly changed after interventions (p<0.05). Significant difference was seen in standing with eyes closed on straight line (p= 0.007), one leg standing on the tilt board with eyes closed (p=0.019) trials, in caparison between experimental and control group.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that task-oriented occupational therapy can improve balance control in children with cochlear implants. Balance training exercises with eyes closed are suggested in rehabilitation programs for these children

Keywords

occupational therapy balance cochlear implants

© 2017, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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