Comparison two Treatment Method of Static Stretch Exercises and Conventional Physiotherapy on Dynamic Balance in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain Caused by Shortened Hamstring Muscle

AUTHORS

Fatemeh Naderi 1 , Mohammad Bagher Shamsi 2 , Mohammad Azizi 3 , * , Maryam Najafi 1 , Ameneh Safari 4

1 Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Rehabilitation and sport medicine, School of Paramedicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Physiology and Sports Nutrition, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Research Management Office, School of Paramedicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Naderi F , Shamsi M B , Azizi M, Najafi M , Safari A . Comparison two Treatment Method of Static Stretch Exercises and Conventional Physiotherapy on Dynamic Balance in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain Caused by Shortened Hamstring Muscle, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2017 ; 6(2):e81250.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 6 (2); e81250
Published Online: July 22, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 21, 2016
Accepted: June 02, 2017

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Abstract

Introduction: Low back pain is one of the most problems that people are engaged nowadays. In most of these patients Hamstring muscle shortening is usual. In these patients may control postural index decreased and cause balance disorders. The aim of this study was to compare two treatment methods of static stretch exercises and conventional physiotherapy on dynamic balance in patients with chronic low back pain.

Methods: 16 low back pain patients with shortened hamstring were enrolled in the study. They were allocated randomly in either conventional physiotherapy treatment group or to physiotherapy plus hamstring sustained stretch group. Before and after 12 treatment sessions, hamstring muscle flexibility using active knee extension test and body balance using Y test for balance were assessed. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 21.

Results: Dynamic balance increased significantly) P<0.05(in both groups, but no significant difference was seen between two groups) P≥0.05 (.Range of the active knee extension in test after the intervention has increased significantly) P≤0.05), while there was no significant difference in the department of physiotherapy (P≥0.05 (.

Conclusion: Both conventional physiotherapy and physiotherapy plus sustained stretch improved dynamic balance and hamstring flexibility, but there was no difference between two treatment groups.

Keywords

chronic low back pain shortened hamstring balance static stretch physiotherapy

© 2017, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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