The Study of Psychological Risk Factors in Men and Women Referral to Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit in Kermanshah Imam Ali Hospital, 2013

AUTHORS

Mozhgan Saeidi 1 , Saeid Komasi 1 , Arsalan Naderipour 2 , Shaban Moradi 3 , Syavash Soleymani 4 , Parya Mozhgani 5 , *

1 Cardiac Rehabilitation Center, Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Paramedicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Researches & Technology Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Kermanshah, Iran

4 Researches & Technology Department, Kermanshah Organization of General Welfare. Kermanshah, Iran

5 Shokofa Center, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Saeidi M, Komasi S , Naderipour A , Moradi S , Soleymani S , et al. The Study of Psychological Risk Factors in Men and Women Referral to Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit in Kermanshah Imam Ali Hospital, 2013, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2016 ; 5(1):e81444.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 5 (1); e81444
Published Online: April 11, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 20, 2015
Accepted: February 21, 2016

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Abstract

Introduction: There is a clear gender differences in the epidemiology, clinical presentation, physiology, responding to diagnostic tests, interventions, as well as the prevalence of non psychological risk factors. This study was conducted to the study of psychological risk factors in cardiac rehabilitation men and women.

Methods: This study is cross-sectional. The study population consisted of all cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients, who were referred to a CR in the Imam Ali hospital in Kermanshah in 2013. Among the patients selected 212 peoples (106 women and 106 men), as matched. Data were collected through clinical interview, Beck anxiety and depression questionnaires, Hudson marital stress index, and Buss and Perry Anger Questionnaire. The SPSS version 18 was used to analyze the data using methods of MANOVA, Chi-square test and T test.

Results: The mean age was 56.25 ± 9.1 years for women and 57.15 ± 9.1 years for men. The results showed that anxiety and depression is significantly higher in women than men (p<0.01). Conversely, men compared with their female counterparts have higher marital stress and anger (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Psychological risk factors and pathology of the cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is different in women and men and needs to specific diagnose and treatment strategies to females. Psychological risk factors for cardiac disease appear differently in men and women. Thus, each of these two groups need their own diagnosis and treatment strategies. 

Keywords

Risk factors psychological factors cardiac rehabilitation Imam Ali hospital of Kermanshah

© 2016, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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