A Study of Teaching through Text Messaging and Pamphlet effect ‎on women’s Behavior about Breast Cancer, 2014‎

AUTHORS

Yahya Safari 1 , Behnosh Afzali 2 , * , Samaneh Ghasemi 3 , Soheila Astanegi 4 , Ameneh Safari 5

1 Department of Radiology, ‎Pramedical School, ‎Kermanshah University of ‎Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Kermanshah Branch, Islamic ‎Azad University,‎‏ ‏Kermanshah‎, Andorra

3 Department of Operation ‎Room, Pramedical School, ‎Kermanshah University of ‎Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Department of Nursing, School ‎of Nursing and Midwifery, ‎Kermanshah University of ‎Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

5 Reaserch Unit, Pramedical ‎School, Kermanshah University ‎of Medical Sciences, ‎Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Safari Y, Afzali B , Ghasemi S, Astanegi S , Safari A . A Study of Teaching through Text Messaging and Pamphlet effect ‎on women’s Behavior about Breast Cancer, 2014‎, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2016 ; 5(3):e81501.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 5 (3); e81501
Published Online: September 09, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 10, 2016
Accepted: July 14, 2016

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Abstract

Introduction: Breast caner is one of the most prevalent of mortality rate in women. The current research was aimed to compare the effect of two instruction methods of Text Messaging and Pamphlet on women's knowledge, attitude and Behavior about Breast Cancer.

Methods: This pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study was carried out on 90 women visiting the healthcare service of Kamyaran city. The study samples were selected through simple sampling technique and were randomly assigned to three groups, including two experimental groups and one control group. The instrument for data collection was a researcher-made questionnaire whose content and face validity was confirmed by the women’s healthcare experts and authorities. The reliability of the questionnaire, was calculated to be 0.77 by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS-19 software.

Results: The findings indicated that the experimental treatment increased women's preventive behavior about mammographic test. The text messaging group performed significantly better than the control group (p=0.044) and the control group in general knowledge about breast cancer (p=0.049) and knowledge about risk factors of breast cancer (p=0.025). Also, regarding the attitude, text messaging group performed significantly better than the control group (p=0.004). However, no statistically significant difference was reported about other hypothesis.  

Conclusion: Given the positive effect of text messaging compared with pamphlet and common educational methods, it is recommended to be used as a self-care training technique in women for the early diagnosis of breast cancer and follow-up preventive measures.

Keywords

Text Message Education Pamphlet Health Education Breast Cancer

© 2016, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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