Relationship between hemoglobin levels during the first trimester of pregnancy and gestational diabetes

AUTHORS

Shahla Gharloghi 1 , Sousan Heydarpour 2 , * , Mansoor rezai 3 , Mehr Ali Rahimi 4

1 Deputy of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Gharloghi S , Heydarpour S , rezai M , Rahimi M A. Relationship between hemoglobin levels during the first trimester of pregnancy and gestational diabetes, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2017 ; 5(4):e81935.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 5 (4); e81935
Published Online: February 02, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 10, 2016
Accepted: December 07, 2016

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Abstract

Introduction: : : Gestational diabetes is the most common metabolic complication of pregnancy. Approximately 1 to 14 percent of pregnancies are complicated by diabetes Early diagnosis and proper management of gestational diabetes (GDM) can decrease prenatal, neonatal and long-time infant problems and complications. This 2012 study investigated whether high maternal Hemoglobin (Hb) level in the first trimester would be associated with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in kermanshah city.

Methods: case-control was conducted on 36 pregnant women with gestational diabetes (case group) and 36 pregnant women without the condition (control group) referring to Research Center of Endocrinology and routine prenatal care clinics. Data was collected by information form and convenience sampling was used. Both groups were matched for age, number of abortions and parity.

Results: Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups. Hemoglobin (12.68) of cases than controls (11.83), respectively. Statistically significant difference between the two groups showed hemoglobin (P<0.001). Women in case group  the 3.29 times the risk of gestational diabetes are control group. (OR =3.029, 95% confidence interval range 1.579-5.812).

Conclusion: Based on the results of the study recommended that Women with high hemoglobin levels during the first trimester of pregnancy as women are considered at risk and their selective screening based on risk factors should be performed.

Keywords

Gestational diabetes hemoglobin first trimester of pregnancy

© 2017, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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