Relationship between Head Nurses' Leadership Style and Nurses' Organizational Citizenship Behavior

AUTHORS

Amir Sadeghi 1 , Mehrdad Maleki Jamasbi 2 , Marzieh Hasanian 3 , * , Manoochehr Karami 4

1 Mother and Child Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences , Hamadan, Iran

2 Student Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences , Hamadan, Iran

3 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

4 Department of Epidemiology, social Determinants of Health Research center, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

How to Cite: Sadeghi A , Maleki Jamasbi M , Hasanian M , Karami M. Relationship between Head Nurses' Leadership Style and Nurses' Organizational Citizenship Behavior, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2017 ; 5(4):e81936.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 5 (4); e81936
Published Online: February 02, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 12, 2016
Accepted: December 07, 2016

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Abstract

Introduction: : One of the most important issues faced by health organizations is how to use  leadership styles in order to raise motivation in nurses, by which they can perform tasks in addition to their  participation to enhance organizational citizenship behavior.This study was conducted to determine the relationship between head nurses’ leadership styles with Nurses' Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in 2016.

Methods: This study is a correlational cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of nurses who working in different wards of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences' hospitals. Sampling method was stratified random sampling and three questionnaires were used to collect data: Demographic questionnaire, Podsakoff Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire and Bass and Avolio Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire. Sample size was 200. Using SPSS 16, data were analyzed by Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Stepwise Multiple Regression tests.

Results: The results showed that nurses' organizational citizenship behavior was fairly favorable. Head nurses used all three leadership styles (transformational, transactional and laissez-faire), but applying transactional leadership style was more than other. There was a positive and significant correlation between head nurses' transactional leadership and nurses' organizational citizenship behavior(r=0.3, p=0.001), head nurses' transformational leadership and nurses' organizational citizenship behavior(r=0.175, p= 0.017) and laissez-faire leadership was negatively and significantly correlated with nurses' organizational citizenship behavior(r= 0.161, p= 0.019).

Conclusion: Head nurses' transformational and transactional leadership styles were significantly correlated with nurses' organizational citizenship behavior, therefore, it is recommended that nurse managers to utilize these leadership styles To raise employees organizational citizenship behavior.

Keywords

Leadership style organizational citizenship behavior nurses

© 2017, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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