Comparison of the data elements for traffic accident information management system in Iran with America and Europe standards

AUTHORS

Ali Mohammadi 1 , * , Maryam Ahmadi 2 , Roghaieh Ahmadi 3 , Rohollah Mohammadi 4 , Arsalan Haydari 5 , Farhad Farnoudi Mehr 4

1 Department of Health Information Technology, Paramedical School, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Health Information Management, School of Health Management and Information Science, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Human Resource management, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

4 Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

5 Department of Geographic Information System, Kermanshah Government, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Mohammadi A , Ahmadi M, Ahmadi R , Mohammadi R , Haydari A , et al. Comparison of the data elements for traffic accident information management system in Iran with America and Europe standards, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2015 ; 4(2):e81999.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 4 (2); e81999
Published Online: August 13, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 14, 2015
Accepted: June 18, 2015

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Abstract

Background: Prevention of traffic accidents requires the exact understanding of the risk factors. Analysis of these factors requires the collection of authentic and standard data. The aim of this study was to compare the data elements of traffic accidents related to the police, the pre-hospital and hospital care in Iran with Europe and America standards.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in 2014. Data resources for Iran included data base and forms in police office, traffic accident information management system in hospital and forms in medical emergency centers. Standards for data elements in America (MMUCC) and Europe (CADaS) were retrieved from the internet. Data elements from aforementioned resources were merged together and a complete list of them were
listed in the tables. Then, comparison of the data elements was performed and final results were displayed in the descriptive tables.
Results: Results showed that defined levels of non-fatal injury, type and expiration date of insurance, driver’s physical conditions, previous conviction and history of traffic offenses for police data elements, classification and rating for the injury severity of pre-hospital care and assessment of the injury severity, the time and cost of rehabilitation for the hospitals in
Iran were not existing. Also, vision obstacles, repairing road and technical inspection were data elements existing only for Iran.

Conclusions: Prevention of traffic accidents requires access to standard data.   Standardization of data for traffic accidents are the key elements for analysis and  comparison on a global level. Traffic accident information system in Iran lacks some of the
major data elements. Therefore, it is essential that these data elements be considered.
 

Keywords

Data element Traffic accident Standard Information system

© 2015, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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