Anemia, iron deficiency and affecting factors on it in between Girls' students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

Yahya Pasdar 1 , Fatemeh Heydarpour 2 , Mitra Darbandi‎ 3 , * , Parisa Niazi‎ 3 , Neda Izadi‎ 2

1 Research center of environmental factors Affecting health, Faculty of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

3 Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

How to Cite: Pasdar Y , Heydarpour F , Darbandi‎ M , Niazi‎ P , Izadi‎ N . Anemia, iron deficiency and affecting factors on it in between Girls' students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2015 ; 4(3):e82038.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 4 (3); e82038
Published Online: October 13, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 12, 2015
Accepted: August 19, 2015

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Abstract

Background: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional problem in the world is a complicated and multifaceted economic and social consequence to the community to impose. This study aimed is to determine the prevalence of anemia, iron deficiency and factors that effect on it among female students.
Methods: The study population was 310 female students of medical science university of Kermanshah that samples were selected randomly from it. The tools of data collection were
demographic; Beck, FFQ and WHOQOL-BREEF.5 ml blood was gathered from pioneer samples for determination of blood parameters and was investigated by standard laboratory methods.
Results: 44% of students had ferritin < 20 (iron deficiency), 9.8% hemoglobin <12 (anemia) and 6.8% of them had hemoglobin <12 and ferritin < 20 (iron deficiency anemia). 26.3% of students were depression. Iron deficiency was significantly associated with the consumption of meat, this is the increase per unit of meat, the chances of an iron deficiency 2.4 times decreased (OR=0.976, CI=0.65-0.94) .Ferritin levels were significantly associated with
academic success (P=0.04).
Conclusion: High prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in this study can show the imbalance between girl's intake of iron and their needs required further attention to this group.

 

Keywords

Anemia Iron deficiency Nutrition Depression

© 2015, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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