Comparison of primipara’s women perception of pain, fear and anxiety of vaginal delivery among Persian, Kurdish and Turkish women

AUTHORS

Sousan Heydarpour‎ 1 , Elham Zare 2 , * , Esmat‏ ‏Mehrabi 3 , Fatemeh Heidarpour 4 , Mitra‏ ‏Kolivand ‎ 5

1 Nursing and Midwifery‏ ‏Faculty, Kermanshah‏ ‏University of Medical‏ ‏Sciences,‎‏ ‏Kermanshah‎, Iran

2 Department of Psychology,‎‏ ‏Arsanjan Branch, Islamic‏ ‏Azad University, Arsanjan‎, Iran

3 Shahid Beheshti University‏ ‏of Medical Sciences, Tehran‎, Iran

4 Faculty of Veterinary,‎‏ ‏Tehran University, Tehran‎, Iran

5 Student Research‏ ‏Committee, Department of‏ ‏Reproductive Health, Shahroud University of‏ ‏Medical Sciences, Shahroud‎, Iran

How to Cite: Heydarpour‎ S, Zare E, ‏Mehrabi E, Heidarpour F , ‏Kolivand ‎ M . Comparison of primipara’s women perception of pain, fear and anxiety of vaginal delivery among Persian, Kurdish and Turkish women, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2015 ; 4(3):e82039.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 4 (3); e82039
Published Online: October 16, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 16, 2015
Accepted: August 25, 2015

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Abstract

Background: Fear, anxiety and pain of delivery have the important role in the passing way of the delivery process. Some clear-sighted people believ that threshold of pain differs among ethnic groups. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare primipara’s women
perception of pain, fear and anxiety of vaginal delivery among Persian,
Kurdish and Turkish women.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 450 primipara’s women selected from general hospitals of Shiraz, Tabriz and Kermanshah city using multistep random-sampling method were assessed. Data collection was done using questionnaire and visual analogue scale of pain (VAS). Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytic statistics (mann-withneyu, Kruskal-wallis) and SPSS.16 software. In this study statistically P<0.05 was significant.
Results: The mean of pain severity in primipara’s Persian, Kurdish and Turkish women were (8.24±1.21), (7.01 ±1.98) and (7.82 ±0.79) respectively. Kruskal-wallis test showed that severity of pain was significant amonge three groups. The mean of fear and anxiety in
primipara’s Persian, Kurdish and Turkish women were (55.64±14.66), (42.11 ±8.81) and (40.11 ±14.56) respectively and was significantly different amonge three groups.
Significant relationship was found between maternal education with childbirth pain perception among Turkish women (P<0.001).Significant relationship was found between maternal jobs with childbirth pain perception among three groups of women.
Conclusion: perception of pain severity, fear and anxiety of vaginal delivery was significantly different amonge Persian, Kurdish and Turkish women. It seems that different issues such as cultural, social, mental, environmental and psychological factors affect woman’s perception of labor pain.
 

Keywords

perception of labor pain severity fear and anxiety of delivery primiparas.

© 2015, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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