The effect of electrical stimulation of acupuncture points on the sleepiness of nurses

AUTHORS

Bahador Ghanbarizadeh 1 , Fatemeh Hadadian 2 , Nader Salari 2 , Behnam Khaledi Paveh 2 , *

1 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Ghanbarizadeh B , Hadadian F , Salari N , Khaledi Paveh B . The effect of electrical stimulation of acupuncture points on the sleepiness of nurses, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2015 ; 4(3):e82041.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 4 (3); e82041
Published Online: November 10, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 20, 2015
Accepted: September 26, 2015

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Abstract

Background: Nurses must stay awake during the night to provide nursing cares that can causes Sleepiness disorders. It has been shown that Transcutaneous Electrical Acupoint Stimulation (TEAS) as a new method of acupuncture with low side effect and invasion
has an appropriate effect to improve the Sleep disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of TEAS on Sleepiness disorder of nurses who works in afternoon and night shifts.
Methods: in this study 60 nurses (38 female 22 male) who work in afternoon and night shifts in were studied. Sleepiness disorder evaluated by Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). If a person had ESS≥9 was qualify for entrance to study. Patients divided in three groups
including acupressure points (Electrical acupoint sstimulation in SP6, H7 and Li4), Sham points and control group with no intervention. For these patients, TEAS was done in 10 sessions (5 minute). Finally, data were analyzed by SPSS 16.
Results: Of 60 nurses, 36 nurses (60%) had ESS≥9. There wasn’t any significant difference between ages, sex, marriage and experience with ESS (P>0.05). Also, there is no significant difference in ESS between three groups before intervention (P>0.05). After intervention, there is significant improvement in the all of ESS in the acupressure points group, while in the Sham points and control group there isn’t significant improvement.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the prevalence of Sleepiness disorder in shift worker nurses is high and screening and treatment of this disorder should be done. The results of this study showed TEAS is an effective, non-invasive and easy method for
treatment of Sleepiness disorder in these patients.

 

Keywords

Shift work nurses acupuncture sleepiness disorder

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