Prevalence of head and neck tumors of children referred to Pathology centers in Kermanshah city (2003-2012)

AUTHORS

Hamid Reza Mozaffari 1 , Payam Tavakoli 2 , Fatemeh Rezaei 1 , * , Nafiseh Nikkerdar 3 , Mona Mehraliei 4

1 Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry , Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Pathology ,School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Oral Radiology, School of Dentistry , Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Mozaffari H R , Tavakoli P , Rezaei F, Nikkerdar N , Mehraliei M. Prevalence of head and neck tumors of children referred to Pathology centers in Kermanshah city (2003-2012), J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2016 ; 4(4):e82080.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 4 (4); e82080
Published Online: January 15, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 18, 2015
Accepted: November 26, 2015

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Abstract

Background: Neoplasmas are the second agent of mortality in children below 15 years of age. The aim of this study was to investigate head and neck tumor frequency in children aged 15 years or younger.

Methods: This descriptive- retrospective study was conducted on the pediatric’s pathologic records in Archive of Pathology Department, Kermanshah Pediatric Hospitals from 1382 to 1391. The records were rewied regarding gender, age, histopathologic diagnosis, and location of benign and malignant tumors. These datas were statistical analyzed by SPSS 20 software using descriptive statistics.

Results: A total of 196 cases including 98 males and 98 females aged 17 months to 15 years with mean age 9.3±4.3 were evaluated. The subjects composed of 88.3% benign and 11.7% malignant tumors. The most frequent benign tumors were follicular hyperplasia (27.7%), epidermal cyst (12.1%), pyogenic granuloma (10.4%).Of 23 malignant tumors, papillary carcinoma were the most frequent (34.8%) followed by basal cell carcinoma (26.1%), lymphoma (26.1%); and squamous cell  carcinoma (13%). The ratio of males to females was 1:1.06 for benign and 0.65:1 for malignant tumors. The age peak was 11-16 years for incidence of benign (39.3%) as well as malignant (65.2%) tumors. Neck was detected as most common location for occurrence of benign and malignant tumors.

Conclusions: Findings of this study suggest that in children aged up to 15 years, female gender is a predominance factor for occurrence of head and neck cancers; however, incidence of benign tumors is approximatelly similar in males and females.

Keywords

Head and neck cancer malignancy prevalence children

© 2016, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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