The Role of Attachment Styles and Perfectionism in Predicting of Students' Mental Health

AUTHORS

Parastoo Abaspour 1 , Sara Ahmadi 1 , Seyed Mojtaba Ahmadi 2 , Seyed Teymur Seyedi Asl‎ 3 , *

1 President of Student Counseling Office, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil‎, Iran

How to Cite: Abaspour P , Ahmadi S , Ahmadi S M , Seyedi Asl‎ S T . The Role of Attachment Styles and Perfectionism in Predicting of Students' Mental Health, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2014 ; 3(3):e82117.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 3 (3); e82117
Published Online: October 15, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 10, 2014
Accepted: August 15, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Freshman students are exposed to a variety of psychological problems and disorders. Many factors can have an impact on their mental health. This study was conducted to investigate the role of attachment styles and perfectionism in predicting mental health in the freshman students.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, the population was all freshman students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2013-2014 academic years (540 students). 481 students (160 male and 321 female) responded to Questioners. The Collins & Read Attachment Style Scale, General Health Questioner (GHQ)and Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) were used to collect the data. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation, and step-wise regression) was used.
Results: The results showed that there is a negative significant correlation between mental health with Personal Standards (P<0.01) and Organization (P<0.05). Moreover, a  significant but negative correlation was found to exist between the mental health
and Anxious Attachment Style (P<0.01). Finally, regression analysis showed that Anxious Attachment Style, Concern over Mistakes, Personal Standards and Parental Criticism, can predict mental health significantly in freshman students.
Conclusion: Considering the fact that some factors such as Attachment Styles and Perfectionism affects the mental health level of freshman students; therefore, interventions which could target these factors could increase these students’ mental health.

 

Keywords

Mental Health Attachment Styles Perfectionism Freshman Students

© 2014, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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