The effectiveness of cognitive group therapy on reducing depression and anxiety in the Kermanshah older women

AUTHORS

Mona Azizi 1 , Khodamorad Momeni‎ 1 , *

1 General Psychology Department, Kermanshah Branch of Azad University, Azad University, Kermanshah‎, Iran

How to Cite: Azizi M , Momeni‎ K . The effectiveness of cognitive group therapy on reducing depression and anxiety in the Kermanshah older women, J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2014 ; 3(3):e82119.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 3 (3); e82119
Published Online: October 16, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 13, 2014
Accepted: August 17, 2014

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Abstract

Background: Depression and anxiety among the elderly, especially women, are the most common mental disorders. The present study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive group therapy on reducing depression and anxiety in the Kermanshah older women.
Methods: The study was a semi-experimental design with preposttest design with control group. 30 elderly women were selected based on the available sampling in a boarding center for the elderly, "Kermanshah Mehre Neikan" and assigned to the experimental and
control groups, randomly. The instruments used were the geriatric depression scale (GDS), State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for Spiel Berger and the demographic questionnaire. Ten sessions of cognitive group therapy with Ferry method was administered to experimental group as biweekly; while the control group did not
receive the intervention. At the end of the intervention, both groups were evaluated again by the tests. The data were analyzed using analysis of covariance.
Results: The data showed cognitive group therapy is effective on reducing depression, state and trait anxiety in older women (P<0.001).
Conclusion: According to the effectiveness of cognitive group therapy on reducing depression and anxiety in older women, apparently can be used to cognitive group therapy for reducing depression and anxiety in older women.

Keywords

Depression Anxiety Cognitive therapy Elderly Women

© 2014, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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