Epidemiologic study of suicide attempt cases in Chaharamahal and Bakhtiari province in 2003-2012

AUTHORS

Mahmoud Mobasheri 1 , * , Reza Imani 2 , Masoome Alidosti 3 , Naser Khosravi 4

1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord‎, Iran

2 Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

3 Faculty of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord‎, Iran

4 Province Health Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

How to Cite: Mobasheri M , Imani R , Alidosti M, Khosravi N . Epidemiologic study of suicide attempt cases in Chaharamahal and Bakhtiari province in 2003-2012 , J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2013 ; 1(4):e82312.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 1 (4); e82312
Published Online: January 18, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 07, 2012
Accepted: November 16, 2012

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Abstract

Introduction: Suicide is an important issue in public health and an anti-social behavior. To
prevent, there was a need to gather precise information about the issue. Therefore, this study was
aimed to conduct an epidemiologic study of suicide rate in Charmahal & Bakhtiari province in a
10-year period.
Method and Materials: In this descriptive-analytical study with reviewing the existing data, all the cases of attempted suicide in Chaharamahal & Bakhtiari from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Data was gathered by using a checklist including items including age, sex, education, marital status, place of live, past mental and physical disease, report source, the method of suicide, time (season and year of committing suicide) and the outcome of suicide. The data was analyzed by SPSS16 through x2 and independent t-test. 

Results: In a10-year period, 3206 cases of suicide in this province were reported among which only 8.7% were successful (result in death).The suicide mean age was 25.25±9.65 years. The suicide attempts were more common in women, youth and in people with high school education and in urban areas. The most commonly used method of suicide was related to poisoning using drugs (78.9%) and less commonly used method was using air injection (0.1%).The highest and lowest percentage of successful suicide was due to weapon (93.3%) and self-mutilation/ air injection respectively (0.0%).
Conclusion: The findings indicated that the suicide distribution varied based on the demographic
variables. Besides, the prevalence of committing suicide by medication which was mainly unsuccessful is likely as a way of drawing attention to other people. This can show the importance of establishing an emotional relationship with these people.

Keywords

epidemiology committing suicide successful suicide Chaharamahal & Bakhtiari

© 2013, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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