A survey on the urinary tract infection (UTI) prevalence and its consequences in pregnant women ‎referring to health centers in Kermanshah in 2011

AUTHORS

Elham Rahmani 1 , Mozhgan Khalili 2 , * , Amir Hossein Hashemian 3 , Shayeste Hasani 4 , Azita Karami 5

1 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

3 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences Kermanshah‎, Iran

4 School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

5 School of Paramedicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah‎, Iran

How to Cite: Rahmani E , Khalili M, Hashemian A H , Hasani S, Karami A . A survey on the urinary tract infection (UTI) prevalence and its consequences in pregnant women ‎referring to health centers in Kermanshah in 2011 , J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2013 ; 1(4):e82313.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 1 (4); e82313
Published Online: January 20, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 08, 2012
Accepted: November 17, 2012

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Abstract

Introduction: Attention to the health of pregnant women is one of the ways to maintain the pregnant
mother and the fetus healthy. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a common problem during pregnancy
due to physiologic changes associated with pregnancy which can cause different side effects on the
mother such as premature labor, preeclampsia, and anemia. Therefore, such mothers with UTI must be treated to prevent maternal and fetal complications. This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of UTI and some consequences in pregnant women referring to health centers in Kermanshah.
Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, overall 500 cases of pregnant women were
studied and randomly selected. Data was related to the incidence of UTI and its consequences
collected through a checklist. Fisher's exact and chi-square tests were used for comparisons and
examining relationships at level of 0.05. SPSS 21 software was used for data analysis.
Results: The prevalence of UTI in pregnant women attending clinics in Kermanshah was 19.8% .The
incidence of UTI in the third trimester was significantly higher compared to the first and second
trimesters. There was no statistical significant relationship found between UTI and demographic
information, maternal and fetal outcomes.
Conclusion: According to the findings, it seems that UTI in Kermanshah was more prevalent than
other studies. Therefore, with regard to the potential consequences of UTI, pregnant women need to
be supported and trained to prevent UTI and related complications.

Keywords

Urinary Tract Infection pregnant women Kermanshah

© 2013, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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